Crane is major part of the heavy construction equipment. They used loading /unloading material at horizontally. That type of machine used in heavy construction site and manufacture heavy industry. Crane is the most important part of the mega construction project. In reality, they made our work excessively simple, because of them we don't have to lift any heavy material or lower it. They have our hard works complete with the less time.
There are several types of crane used in civil construction site. They have lifting the lower material. Actually, the most of the crane is used in construction industry and heavy equipments manufacturing site.
Here now discuss about the types of crane depends on the project work and environments.
Telescopic crane is actually large boom crane, some tubes are already fitted inside. When the increase height to the help of tubes is work on hydraulic mechanism.
They are particularly used to transport merchandise starting with one place to other. With regards to exchanging the item to a high place, Telescopic cranes are the best. They can easily adjust according to the place.
List of Telescopic Crane is:
Demag HC 510, Grove TM750E, Tadano TL 360
The Mobile crane is controlled crane by the cable with mounted on crawler, hydraulic crane, rubber tired carries with the truck mounted crane.
That type crane is similar with a hoist rope, wire ropes and chains. It can work on lifting the material at horizontally. Normally used for lift heavy material and transport to the other place.
Some of the mobile crane is:
XCMG QY50, Liebherr LTM 1200-5, Grove AT885, Grove RT528
Recently, tower crane are mostly used in the world. Tower Crane known as modern form of a balance crane. They have to first fixed on the surface to the around the site structure. They are too used at heighted building at the construction site.
It is a left load as much as 20 tons around and work up to 256 feet stature roughly. The administrators of the crane for the most part utilize radio and hand signals as a communication signal to hook or unhook the load.
Some of the tower crane is:
ACE TC6552, Zoomlion TC6517B, and liebherr 1070
Truck Mounted Crane:
In that case crane loading/unloading machine mounted on truck, It is used for loading and unloading of motor vehicle, for cargoes principally of a substantial and single-thing nature, and furthermore for development and fix work.
That type of crane used one engine, its work on undercarriage and crane. This type machine advantages is its own work done travel based. They cannot need any transport vehicle.
Its fundamental leeway is that it can go on interstates itself, which makes it simple and more affordable. It needn't bother with some other vehicles to transport it.
They can be turned up to 180 degrees. Be that as it may, some of them turn up to 360 degrees yet these are increasingly costly.
List of the Truck mounted crane used in India:
Grove AMK 100-53, SANY STC 500c, ACE TM250C
Rough Terrain Crane:
The Rough terrain crane are mounted on the four wheel tires and it's designed to the off road construction. If they are working on heavy lifting material, that time crane extended at horizontally and vertically. These types of crane used are single engine to the used power undercarriage and the crane.
The normal crane mounted crane with the vehicle, but it cannot be used in off road construction. That’s time rough terrain crane will be used.
List of Rough terrain crane is:
TIL RT 630C, TIL RT760, Escort RT 40
The Crawler crane machine is used for lifting heavy material with the move to other place. The different parts are including at house, boom hoisting wire roping with the sheaves. Crawler crane was move from the tracks so it is called crawlers. Those cranes have many advantages and disadvantages.
There is main advantage it can be mostly work on the soft soil surface. That’s why we are prepared it cannot worry about the sites.
Their machine also disadvantages are that type machine very heavy and it move from the track. That’s why it cannot be move easily at one site to another site. Using truck loading costing is more.
Most Used Crawler Crane is:
TATA Hitachi SCX 800-2, Terex 5170, Terex 955 ALC, Grove 900TC
All Terrain Crane:
All terrain type cranes are used on and off road at the same speed. In this crane more than tires are used.
Normally rough and all terrain type cranes is same. But minor difference is rough crane used only off road, not public roads. And while other all terrain crane used off and on public roads.
Some of the All terrain crane is:
Grove GMK 4090, GMK 7550, DEMAG AC80-2, LIEBHERR LTM1055